Home Cat All About Canine Parvovirus Infection For Dog Owner

All About Canine Parvovirus Infection For Dog Owner

The alternative name of Canine Parvovirus (CPV) Infection is Canine parvovirus enteritis, which may occur in domestic dogs, bush dogs, foxes, raccoon dogs. CPV is first recognized in the late 1970s as a genuinely new infection of dogs causing a rapid-onset, severe viral enteritis and, in young dogs, myocarditis. CPV enteritis is the most common, highly contagious disease of dogs.

Etiology and Epidemiology of Canine Parvovirus


Canine parvovirus (CPV-2) is the primary cause of systemic and intestinal infection in domestic dogs, younger than six months of age — the most CP results from exposure to contaminated feces. Besides, people, instruments(equipment in veterinary clinics or kennel), insects, rodents can serve as vectors. The transmission of CPV to susceptible dogs occurs by way of oral, nasal exposure, usually with contaminated faces.

Read Also: Most Important Facts Of Dog Behavior for New Dog Owner

Clinical Signs of Canine Parvovirus


Clinical signs are associated with disease in the two distinct organs system, the gastrointestinal tract, and the myocardium. Clinical symptoms associated with Canine Parvovirus Infection in dogs are highly variable and may range from inapparent infection to acute fatal diseases. Vomiting, Diarrhoea(frequently associated with blood), Anorexia, and dehydration are the clinical signs of CPV infection.

Symptoms of Canine Parvovirus

Canine Parvovirus in Puppy


The parvovirus in a puppy is a very risk factor which younger than four months old.CPV myocarditis can develop in puppies younger than eight weeks of age or from infection in utero. Affected dogs are either found dead or die following a brief episode of discomfort and dyspnea. If your puppy shows this kind of signs, you must have to contact your veterinarian as early as possible.

Canine Parvovirus in Puppy

Diagnosis of Canine Parvovirus


CPV diagnosis is based on the dog’s history, clinical signs of the sudden onset of a foul-smelling of bloody diarrhea in a young (<2 years) dogs; hematology, and tests to detect CPV antigen in feces. In the acute disease, you should found profound leukopenia and lymphopenia which will develop within 7-10 days following exposure.

Treatment and Prevention of Canine Parvovirus


There is no specific drug available which kills the parvovirus infection. Treatment will start immediately because it should support the dog’s body immune system. Intravenous replacement of fluid and electrolytes is the principal goal of therapy in dogs. Antimicrobial agents, e.g., ampicillin are indicated. Early detection and careful treatment are essential to parvovirus infection.

Treatment of Canine Parvovirus

Isolation and identification of the affected dogs as early as possible because it minimizes the spread of infection. The virus is particularly resistant to detergents and most disinfectants. Sodium hypochlorite is an effective disinfectant which is cleaned the kennel and the other area to control the spread of infection. However, when it serious condition you must have to contact a veterinarian for the specific diagnosis and treatment.

Prognosis of Canine Parvovirus


The prognosis for recovery from CPV infection following the first seven days of enteritis is good to excellent in the absence of secondary complications, e.g., sepsis. The prediction of puppies with CPV-induced myocarditis is poor to grave.

In Final Talk About Canine Parvovirus


When you prevent the infection, you should have to know the actual reason for the disease. You have to do the annual vaccination program for adult dogs. Both killed and lived CPV vaccine are available, and you have to provide excellent immunity in most dogs. Finally, you always contact a veterinarian who gives you a piece of good advice for the parvovirus infection.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Post

Elbow Dysplasia in Dogs: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Correction, Prognosis

The term Elbow Dysplasia in dogs means generalized osteoarthrosis of the elbow joint, explicitly including the conditions of the...

Cow Poxs: Causes, Epidemiology, Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Cow poxs is a mild viral disease of cattle, buffaloes, and camels characterized by typical pox lesions on the...

Lipizzan Horse: A Horse Dedicated to Spanish Riding School in Vienna

Lipizzan or Lipizzaner is a famous Austrian dressage horse of Europe and popular in many parts. The horse is...

Hip Dysplasia in Dogs: Most Important Information for Dog Owner

Hip Dysplasia is a developmental disorder that is more common in large and giant breeds of dogs. It is...

Editors' Pick

Nursing Dog: A Complete Solution for Your Lovely Dog

The healthy dog is vibrant, alert, and almost always enthusiastic about living. Although happy to snooze and relax for...

Horse Allergies: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Horse allergies are prevalent conditions caused by dust, touch, feed, injections, insects, or any other material to whom the...

Rabies in Cats: Causes, Transmission, Signs, Diagnosis, and Prevention

Rabies in cats or feline rabies infection is a viral disease that is worldwide important and affects the brain...

Stringhalt in Horses: Causes, Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Stringhalt in horses is a motor disorder that can affect horses’ breeds and is of unknown etiology. The disease...

Editors' Pick