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Azawakh Dog: A Rare Dog Breed of West Africa You Must Know

The Azawakh dog breed is a protective, loyal, tall, medium-sized dog breed. The alternative names of the dog are idii’n illeli ( sighthound of the free people ) and Tuareg sighthound. The dog breed is a rare sighthound and is not suited to every home. The activity level of the dog is moderate. They are independent and proud, and they learn easily and quickly. 

History and Origin of Azawakh Dog Breed

The Azawakh dog breed is from the arid regions of the Sahara and the Sub-Saharan Sahel. The dog breed is used as a guardian, hunter, and companion by the Tuareg people, descendants of the Berber. The Berber tribe bred the dog for purity and beauty. The breed has become rare in both its homeland and elsewhere. The origin of the breed is Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso.

Origin of Azawakh


Physical Description Tuareg Sighthound

The Azawakh is a tall, slender dog that is taller than it is long, with hips that are higher than the shoulders. The head is narrow with pendant ears and dark, almond-shaped eyes. The dog has a deep chest, which rises abruptly to a highly tucked-up belly. The coat is short and delicate and can be sand to dark red, brindled, white, black, gray, blue grizzle, particolored, and all shades of brown, including chocolate.

Physical Description of Azawakh

Height, Weight, and Life Span of Dog

The average height of the Azawakh is about 23.5 to 29 inches (, and the average weight of the dog is about 35 to 55 pounds. The average life span is about 10 to 13 years.

Height and Weight of Azawakh

Temperament or Personality of Azawakh Dog

The Azawakh is gentle, affectionate, and playful with its family but wary, even aggressive, with strangers. It is intelligent and protective, making it a good watchdog.

Behavior of Taureg Sighthound

Best Owner of the Azawakh Breed

It does best with a firm owner in a rural or suburban home. The dog breed makes a poor kennel dog.

Taureg Sighthound Dog

Special Needs of West African Sighthound Dog

The dog needs the following special care and management:

  • Close supervision with strangers.
  • Leashed.
  • Fenced yard.
  • Socialization.
  • Training at an early age.

History of Azawakh Dog

Possible Health Concerns of Dog

The Tuareg sighthound is generally healthy and affected by only specific dog diseases. You must take extra care of the following conditions:

Health of Azawakh Dog

Concluding Remarks on Azawakh Dog

The Azawakh are loyal but proud and protective of their family and home. They need regular grooming and general health care. In my article, I have to discuss all the information about the dog breed that is very important to choose a family companion. If you are interested in the other dog breed, don’t hesitate to visit my website. Thank you for your time.

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