Dogs, like humans, are extremely social animals and pack hunters. This correspondence in their overall behavioral design accounts for their trainability, playfulness, and ability to fit into human households and social situations. Dogs have lived with and served with humans in so many roles that their loyalty has earned them the nickname ‘man’s best friend. Different types of dogs fill various positions in human society and are often trained as working dogs.
The dog is a carnivorous mammal of the order Carnivora. The dog has been domesticated for 12,000 years, but perhaps for as long as 150000 years based on recent genetic evidence. A wide range of dogs exhibits their natural skill in different sports. The most important role of dogs is as companions.
Most Common Types of Dogs
There are different types of dog breeds in the world. The types of dogs vary according to their purpose, origin, behavior, physical condition, and uses. I shall discuss the 15 most common types of dog breeds for your easy understanding in my article.
1. Working Dog Breeds
Working dogs are healthy, watchful, and alert. These dogs are trained to assist humans in different ways and with their supple intelligence and the desire to serve. Working dogs can learn quickly. German Shepherd, Labrador, Retriever, and Border collie are commonly used as working dogs.
2. Show Dog Breeds
Show dog may be referred to as that type of dog which entered into a dog show. They are specially bred, trained, and groomed to conform to the specifications of dog shows. In AKC shows, English Setter, Saluki, Bulldog, Beagle, and Field Spaniel show dog breeds.
3. Small or Toy Dog Breeds
Small dog breeds are perfect for companion animals. The little dogs are so adorable, playful, charming, easy to care for, and can take anywhere you ago. The dogs can add lots of fun and enjoyment. The best small dog breeds are Chihuahua, Brussels Griffon, Affenpinscher, Japanese chin, Russian Toy, Pomeranian.
4. Types of Dogs: Hunting Dog Breeds
Hunting dogs are smart, energetic, intelligent, and unrivaled swimming skills. Some dogs are natural hunters, and the best breed for hunting are gun dogs, terriers, hounds, and they have the ability easy to train. Labrador Retrievers is one of the best hunting dog breeds.
5. Companion or Non-sporting Dog Breeds
Companion dogs are always easy keepers, and these dogs are man’s best friend. They are very loyal, alert with a lively expression. They are also beloved by children for their playful nature. The best companion dog breeds are Papillon, French Bulldog, Golden Retriever, Shih Tzu, Irish Wolfhound, Pugs, etc.
6. House Dog Breeds or Indoor Dog Breeds
House dogs or indoor dog breeds are loves to play inside and nap by your side. When you live in a house or an apartment, an indoor dog will be perfectly content spending most of his time inside. The best dog for a house pet is Beagle, Labrador Retriever, Bulldog, Brussels Griffon, and Newfoundland.
7. Types of Dogs: Lapdog
Lapdogs are the earliest specific types of dogs that are living with people. They are both small enough to be held in the arms or lie comfortably on a person’s lap. The breeds that make the best Lap Dogs are Pug, Shih Tzu, French Bulldog, Bichon Frise, Pekingese, and Pomeranian.
8. Terrier Dog Breeds
Terrier dog breeds are playful, enthusiastic, loyal, obedient, and adequately trained dogs. They are excellent pets and can be challenging because of their stubbornness and sharp hunting instincts. The Terrier breeds are Airedale Terrier, American Stafford shire Terrier, Australian Terrier, Border Terrier, Bull Terrier, Boston Terrier, etc.
9. Types of Dogs: War or Warriors
The war dogs are fine qualities dog breeds, and they have visual and olfactory sensory abilities. The dogs are successfully trained for many military duties and roles by modern armies for a century. Alsatians, Doberman Pinchers, Boxers, Belgian Shepherds, Airedale Terriers, Schnauzers were the most suitable war dogs.
10. Scent Hound Dog Breeds
They are bloodhounds that have an infinitely superior ability to follow both ground and air scent. The dog breeds invariably have long noses to house their larger-than-average smelling faculties. The best Scent hound breeds are Beagle, Dachshund, Basset Hound, English Pointer, American Foxhound, Coonhound, English Springer Spaniel, Bloodhound, etc.
11. Service Dog Breeds
Service dogs can help their owners in various ways, and some people struggle with a mental, physical, emotional problem have found that a well-trained service dog makes daily life much easier to navigate. The best Service dog breeds are German Shepherd, Poodle, Boxer, Great Dane, Golden Retriever, etc.
12. Types of Dogs: Guard Dogs
Guard dogs are best for protection, protection of property, and they make for great pets. The best guard dogs to protect your family and home are Akita, Australian Shepherd, Appenzeller Sennenhund, Bullmastiff, Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Catahoula Leopard Dog, Doberman pinscher, puli, etc.
13. Herding Dog Breeds
Herding breeds are developed to gather, herd, and protect livestock such as cattle or sheep. They are beautiful options for pet parents and families who have plenty of time and energy to devote to their new furry buddy. The dogs are used for herding are Border Collie, Australian Shepherd, Australian Kelpie, Australian Cattle Dog.
14. Searching Dog Breeds
All dogs are not suited for searching or rescue purposes. The best for search and rescue are German Shepherd, American Labrador Retrievers, Gloden Retrievers, Bloodhounds, Border Collies, BelgianMalinois, Mixed Breed Huskies, Poodles, Cattle Dogs, and Springer Spaniels.
15. Sporting Dogs
Sporting dogs are alert, active, intelligent, and loyal. The most popular Sporting dogs are Pointer, Setters, Retrievers, and Spaniel, Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, etc.
Interesting Facts on Types of Dogs
Dogs as food- certain breeds of dogs are raised for their meat in some countries. There is a special breed of dog, called ‘Black dog’ in Chinese, mainly used for cuisine. The people of Korea have known to eat certain breeds of dogs as well.
Dogs have served as guides for the blinds as commandos and have flown into outer space. Dogs are also used to search or rescue wounded people and lost animals, such as in the desert, avalanches, at disaster sites, and for missing people or pets. Strong emotional bonds often characterize relationships between humans and dogs. Dogs are popular as companions and pets, independent of any utilization consideration.