HomeDogKangal Dog: The Most Ancient Guard Dog Breed of Turkey

Kangal Dog: The Most Ancient Guard Dog Breed of Turkey

The Kangal Dog is an ancient flock guardian dog that originated in Turkey. This Turkish dog breed is known for its large size and impressive strength. They are protective, loyal, and reliable dogs making excellent partners that are gentle with livestock and children. The alternative name of the dog is Kangal, Turkish Kangal Dog, or Karabash.

The Kangal dog is reliable and defensive of domesticated animals or the human family it has bonded to. This article gives a clear idea that is very interesting for a Kangal lover. So, please stick with us and keep reading!

History and Origin of Kangal Dog

The Kangal is an ancient flock guardian from the Kangal district of the Sivas Province in Turkey. Villagers in the area kept it, but it was primarily associated with the large, land-holding Aga family.

Turkish Karabash Dog

The Kangal is considered the National Dog of Turkey and is often depicted wearing a spiked collar. It is believed to descend from early mastiffs. 

Physical Description of Turkish Kangal Dogs 

The Kangal Dog is a large, powerful, heavy dog slightly longer than tall. The dog has a large head and a deep, blunt muzzle shorter than the skull. There is a distinctive furrow that runs from the skull to the muzzle.

The nose is large and black, and the eyes range from deep brown to amber. The medium-sized drop ears are rounded and can be cropped erect or left natural; they are carried higher when the dog is alert.

Features of Turkish Kangal Dog

The long, bushy tail curls, and the feet are large. It has a double coat with a short, dense outer coat ranging from gray to dun, with a black mask and ears. There may be white on the feet, chest, and tail.

Height, Weight, and Lifespan of Kangal Dog

  • The average height of the Kangal Dog is about 28 to 32 inches (66 to 72 cm).
  • The average body weight of the dog breed is about 90 to 145 pounds (4 to 65 kg).
  • The average lifespan of the dog is about 12 to 15 years.

Temperament or Personality of Tirkish Karabash Dog

The Kangal Dog is strong and courageous, affectionate with family but wary of strangers. It is naturally calm but will fight if necessary. It is intelligent and trainable.

Best Ownership Kangal Dog

The Kangal Dog does best in a rural or suburban home with the opportunity to work. Its owners should be dog experienced and active. Children and other animals are fins as long as the dog is well socialized and their interaction is supervised; however, most Kangals will react to provocation.

Best Ownership of Kangal Dog

Unique Characteristics: Kangal Dog

The unique features of the Turkish Karabash dod breed are as follows:

  • Generally healthy breed.
  • They enjoy active walks.
  • The dog is suitable for experienced owners.
  • Quiet, Giant dog.
  • Barks, alerts, and may be physically protective/suspicious of visitors.
  • Needs a large garden for exercise.
  • Well suited to the countryside.
  • They enjoy one to two hours of walking a day.

Special Needs of Turkish Kangal Dog

As a large breed dog, the Turkish Kangal has specific needs to ensure its health and well-being. Here are some of their special needs:

  • Exercise: Kangal dogs are active and need regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They require daily walks or runs and access to a secure, fenced area to play and run.
  • Socialization: Socialization is essential for Kangal dogs, especially during their first year of life. Early exposure to different people, animals, and environments will help them become well-rounded and confident adults.
  • Training is essential for all dogs, particularly large and powerful breeds like the Kangal. They need a firm, consistent approach to training that focuses on positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Nutrition: Kangal dogs have specific dietary requirements to support their large size and energy needs. A balanced diet of high-quality protein and healthy fats is essential.
  • Grooming: The Kangal has a thick, double coat that requires regular brushing and grooming to prevent matting and keep their skin healthy. Regular brushing and occasional baths are necessary.
  • Health Care: Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care are essential for Kangal dogs to maintain their health and detect potential health problems early on.

Overall, Kangal dogs require a committed and experienced owner who can provide them with the care, training, and attention they need to thrive.

Health Concerns of the Turkish Karabash Dog Breed

The Turkish Karabash, also known as the Anatolian Shepherd Dog, is generally a healthy breed with a lifespan of 11–13 years. However, like all breeds, they are prone to specific health issues. Here are some of the most common health concerns in Turkish Karabash:

  • Hip Dysplasia: This genetic condition affects the hip joint, causing pain and mobility problems. A hip joint malformation causes it and can lead to arthritis and lameness.
  • Elbow dysplasia is another genetic condition affecting the elbow joint, causing pain and stiffness. It can also lead to arthritis and lameness.
  • Bloat: Also known as gastric distension, torsion, or torsion or twisted stomach, bloat is a life-threatening disease that can affect large breeds like the Karabash. It is caused by the stomach filling with gas and twisting on itself, cutting off blood supply to the organs.
  • Eye problems: Karabash dogs are prone to several eye problems, including entropion (inward turning of the eyelids), ectropion (outward turning of the eyelids), and cataracts.
  • Heart problems: Karabash dogs can be prone to heart problems, including cardiomyopathy and congenital heart defects.
  • Allergies: Some Karabash dogs may be prone to skin allergies, which can cause irritation, itching, and ear infections.

It is essential to purchase a Karabash puppy from a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for these health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups, grooming, a healthy diet, and exercise can help prevent and manage these health concerns in Karabash dogs.

Concluding Words on Kangal Dog

The Kangal Dog needs mental stimulation and exercise. They require little grooming, and their coat needs thorough brushing-out during the twice-a-year shedding season. 

Although they are purebred dogs, you may still find them in rescues and shelters. Remember to adopt! Don’t purchase, whenever possible, if this breed is perfect for you.

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