Home Dog Puppy Strangles: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Puppy Strangles: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Canine juvenile cellulitis, or Puppy strangles, is a granulomatous condition that affects the submandibular lymph nodes and the skin of the pinnae and face. It is an idiopathic disorder of your young dogs, usually 8-10 weeks of age. Entire litters may be affected. Rarely, an adult dog may be affected. It is a very uncommon skin condition for your young dogs.

Importance of Puppy Strangles


Puppy strangles appear to have a possible hereditary component. The condition may appear to have an immune-mediated component, which means the Puppy’s immune system is attacking the Puppy’s skin. Some dog breeds are more susceptible to these diseases, but Golden Retrievers are overrepresented as a breed.

Causes of Puppy Strangles

What Causes Puppy Strangles?  


The causes of Juvenile cellulitis or Puppy strangles are unknown. There is, however, the possibility of both an immunologic abnormality or abnormality of the immune system and a hereditary component.

Signs of Puppy Strangles

Symptoms of Juvenile Cellulitis


There are different types of signs of Puppy strangles. These are:

  • Edema and abscesses can be present on the face, lips, pinnae, eyelids, prepuce, or anus.
  • Swelling and pus oozing from ear flaps and ear canal.
  • Lymphadenopathy.
  • Fever.
  • Depression.
  • Hair loss.
  • Limping and Joint pain.
  • Difficulty eating.
  • Appetite loss.
  • Low energy levels.
  • Lethargic.
  • Lameness.

Diagnosing Puppy Strangles


Your veterinarian will perform various tests that are essential to diagnosing the Puppy’s strangles. The tests include:

  • Blood counts.
  • Deep skin scrapings.
  • Evaluation of the swellings, or pimples, or bumps on the Puppy’s skin
  • Skin biopsy.

Diagnosis of Juvenile Cellulitis in Puppy

A deep skin scraping must be done to rule out demodicosis as the etiology. When demodicosis has been excluded, in most cases, your veterinarian can be diagnosed on clinical signs and age of onset. Histopathology of lesions will assist in the diagnosis as well.

Differential Diagnosis of Juvenile Cellulitis


The disease may be confused with the following diseases and conditions

  • Demodicosis. 
  • Pyoderma in puppies
  • Angioedema is due to a reaction to an insect bite or vaccine.
  • Pemphigus foliaceus.
  • Adverse drug reaction.
  • Dermatophytosis in dogs.

Treatment for Puppy Strangles


The disease attacks the Puppy’s immune system; that’s why it is essential to stop the auto-immune reaction causing the Puppy to strangle. The most important treatment to suggest to your veterinarian for your pups: large doses of oral corticosteroids followed by a slow taper will resolve lesions in most cases. But in some pups, lesions can recur when corticosteroids are discontinued, or the dosage is reduced.

An ointment is essential for your Puppy, and it helps to soothe skin pain. Your experts may also prescribe antibiotics when a secondary bacterial infection is found. Antibiotics help to reduce the inflammation of the pup’s skin and recover quickly for your Puppy. Sometimes chemotherapy may be suggested. 

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Post

German Pinscher Dog: One of The Rare Dog Breed You Should Know

German Pinscher is a dog breed of medium-sized that originated in Germany. The breed is the preamble of German...

27 Common Dog Grooming Tools You Should Know As a Dog Owner

Dog grooming is like regular health care and nutrition, is an essential part of caring for your dog. From...

Havanese Dog Breed: A Small and Hypoallergenic Dog Breed of Choice

The Havanese is the most popular and national dog breed of Cuba and called ‘Blanquito de la Habana.’ The...

Jack Russell Terrier: A Superior Dog Breed with Excellent Sporting Ability

The Jack Russell terrier dog is a dog of England that originated in the late 18th century. The dog...

Editors' Pick

Equine Therapy: Therapeutic Utilization of Horses For Mental Health

Horses are not only used for pleasure riding or equestrian sports. Many of you will be astonished that horses...

Diarrhea in Cats: What You Should Need To Know As A Cat Owner

Cats are the most lovely pets in the house. As a cat owner, you must keenly observe the daily...

Glaucoma in Dogs: Most Important Information For Dog Owner

Glaucoma in dogs encompasses a group of diseases characterized by a pathological increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) due to...

10 Most Common Goat Diseases Reviewed for Farm Owners

Goats are the most common domestic animals throughout the world. Goats contribute to the economy by providing the best...

Editors' Pick