Home Dog Salmon Poisoning in Dogs: Essential Information to Know By Dog Owners

Salmon Poisoning in Dogs: Essential Information to Know By Dog Owners

Salmon poisoning disease is an acute infectious, non-contagious febrile disease of dogs caused by two rickettsiae, Neorickettsia helminthic and the Elokomin liver fluke agent. The disease is characterized by severe depression, extreme thirst, and frequent vomiting. Salmon poisoning in dogs is also called the Fish disease and is a potentially fatal condition seen in dogs who have ingested various types of raw fish.

Essential Information on Salmon Poisoning

Salmon poisoning is a common disease of dogs that live on raw or cooked fish with their diet. The organisms can be transmitted by ingestion of fish infested with trematode (Nanophyetus salmincola) metacercariae. Neorickettsia helminthoeca can be found in all stages of the trematode life cycle, from egg to adult fluke.

Dogs Eating Raw Fish

Transmission of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

If your dogs ingest raw fish containing flukes infected with the rickettsial organism, salmon poisoning disease will occur. The signs of salmon poisoning are typically seen within one week of ingesting the raw fish, although longer delays have been recorded. 

Transmission of Salmon Poisoning

Some Common Symptoms of Salmon Poisoning

If you are not too sure of proper treatment, the disease is usually fatal within two weeks after exposure. The symptoms include:

  • The sudden rise is of body temperature more significant than 40° C depression and anorexia.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea accompanied by weight loss.
  • Dehydration.
  • Hypokalemia.
  • Extreme thirst.
  • Severe nasal and mucopurulent ocular discharge occurs in some dogs.
  • Terminally, weight loss may be severe, and hemorrhagic enteritis.
  • Progressive lymph node enlargement and splenomegaly.
  • If your untreated dogs, death usually occurs 7 to 10 days after the onset of the clinical sign.

Diagnosis of Fish Diseases in Dogs

If you know your pet has ingested raw fish and it exhibits any types of symptoms, in that situation, you immediately contact your veterinarian.

Your vets analyze the history and clinical signs and are sure to perform the confirmatory diagnosis. The confirmatory diagnosis of salmon poisoning disease can be implied by the findings of operculated trematode eggs in dog feces.

Dogs and Raw Fish

Your vets examine the fecal samples to detect the parasitic eggs by direct fecal smears or the sugar flotation technique. Identification of characteristic intracytoplasmic rickettsial inclusion bodies on a Giemsa-stained lymph node aspirate, particularly in mononuclear phagocytic cells, your vets can be used to confirm the disease.

How to Treat Salmon Poisoning in Dogs?

The disease is treated with an antibiotic that is doxycycline or tetracycline, or oxytetracycline.

In additional treatment, some times needed such as fluid therapy or anti-nausea medication.

Fluid replacement therapy and other measures to control diarrhea for your dogs.

Prevention and Control of Fish Disease in Dogs

The best treatment for salmon poisoning is prevention. To prevent the disease, keep your pets from feeding on raw infected fish. Proper freezing, that is -20 degrees C or thoroughly cooking fish, destroys the organisms.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Post

Stallion Infertility: Most Common Causes of Breeding Failure in Horse Farm

Stallion becomes sire because of f reproductive capability. The stallions are selected based on performance, pedigree, and confirmation, and...

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Dogs: What To Know As A Dog Owner

Rocky Mountain spotted fever in dogs is a Rickettsiae belonging to the spotted fever group (SPG). RMSF is responsible...

8 Most Common Methods of Horse Teasing For Detection of Heat

The process of heat detection is critical in the breeding process of mares. Heat detection is done by using...

Suffolk Punch Horse: Most Important Information About This Rare Breed

Suffolk Punch or Suffolk sorrel is a draft horse breed of England. The horse was named after a place,...

Editors' Pick

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis: Most Important Information for Cat Owner

Feline viral rhinotracheitis or feline herpesvirus (FHV) or feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-!) causes acute respiratory illness of cats, characterized by...

Constipation in Dogs: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Constipation in dogs is a most important and common health problem in dogs, and it means the inability to...

Botulism in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Botulism is a rapidly fatal and motor paralysis of mammals and birds, caused by the ingestion of food material...

Navicular Bone Horse: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

The navicular bone is a small fat bone that lies across the back of the coffin bone of horse...

Editors' Pick