Home Farm Animals Vibriosis in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Vibriosis in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Vibriosis in Cattle or Vibrionic abortion or Epizootic abortion is an infectious disease of cattle and sheep characterized by abortion and infertility. This is a venereal disease and is transmitted either at natural service or by artificial insemination. The disease has been reported from different countries where it is widespread in the bovine population and is considered a significant cause of infertility in dairy herds.

Causes of Vibriosis in Cattle

It is a disease that leads to reproductive inefficiency in bovine. The disease is caused by the Campylobacter fetus ( Vibrio fetus). Vibriosis in cattle spread by infected bulls when they mate susceptible heifers and cows.

Causes of Vibriosis

Pathogenesis of Vibriosis in Cattle

  • Organism persists in the genital tract of cows following natural service or artificial insemination, localizes in newly developing cotyledons, produces necrosis, abortion occurs when the infection becomes extensive.
  • In bulls, the infection persists in genital tracts without producing any noticeable damage.

What are the symptoms of Vibriosis?

  • The incubation period of the disease is 20-60 days. 
  • Abortion between the 4th-7th months of gestation is the main sign of infection.
  • Poor conception rates.
  • Long calving interval.
  • Uterine infection.
  • There may be temporary infertility characterized by repeat breeding and a prolonged di-estral phase.
  • Vibrio bacteria can cause watery diarrhea.
  • Abdominal cramping.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Fever and chills.

Clinical Signs of Vibriosis in Cattle

Conditions When Vibriosis is Likely to Occur?

  • Infected sires or dames moved between or among herds.
  • New breeding animals are introduced into a herd.
  • Older bulls.
  • In heifers and maiden ewes.
  • Grain feeding or intensive rotational grazing conditions in sheep.

Pathological Lesions of the Vibriosis

  • Necrosis of cotyledons.
  • Endometritis.
  • Gastric edema in the calf embryo.
  • Gastric edema and focal necrotic hepatitis in embryo lamb

Diagnosis of Vibrionic Abortion

Identification and Diagnosis Vibriosis in Cattle

Diagnosis of the disease will require veterinary consultancy. Vibriosis can be diagnosed based on repeated services.

  • Abortion in 4-7 months and clinical signs.
  • Isolation of the organism from uterine exudates and stomach contents of the aborted fetus.
  • Cervical-vaginal mucous agglutination test.
  • Rapid slide gel diffusion test.

The differential diagnosis of the disease is- Brucellosis, Trichomoniasis, and Leptospirosis.

How Do You Treat Vibriosis?

There is no necessary treatment in mild cases, but the animals should drink plenty of liquids to replace fluids lost through diarrhea. Breeding rest and application of uterine infusions are essential for your patients. Your infected bulls may be treated utilizing repeated irrigations of the prepuce along with antibiotic suspensions but with variable results.

Treatment of Epizootic Abortion in Cattle

How to Prevent Vibriosis in Cattle?

An integrated approach to control and prevent the disease may consider the following-

  • The disease is usually self-limiting, with the infected animal developing immunity after one abortion.
  • Isolation of cows and ewes the following abortion.
  • Adoption of good hygienic measures and screening of bulls can help to control the disease.
  • Use of antibiotics in semen for artificial insemination.
  • Bull control and seasonal mating.
  • Reducing or culling the age of bulls.
  • Vaccinating against the disease.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Post

Anemia in Dogs: Most Important Information for Dog Owner

Anemia in dogs defined as a decrease in the total red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, and...

Woody Tongue in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment

Woody tongue in cattle or Actinobacillosis is a chronic infectious disease of animals, especially cattle and goats. The disease...

Akhal Teke: Most Interesting Information About This Turkmenistan Horse

Akhal Teke is one of the most beautiful, versatile, oldest, and racing horse breeds that originated in Turkmenistan. The...

Addison’s Disease in Dogs: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Addison’s disease in dogs is known as primary hypoadrenocorticism, which is caused by the destruction or loss of the...

Editors' Pick

Top 15 Working Dog Breeds That You Must Know as A Dog User

Dogs are the oldest companion of human beings from the evolution of humanity in the world. Working Dog breeds...

Coccidiosis in Chickens: Most Important Information For Farm Owner

Coccidiosis in chickens is one of the most critical protozoan diseases of poultry, caused by Eimeria spp and is characterized by...

Fowl Pox: Causes, Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Control

Fowl pox is a common name for a mild to severe, acute, slow-developing viral disease of birds caused by...

15 Most Popular Race Horse Breeds You Must Know As A Horse Racer

Horseback Racing is one of the ancient entertainment for human beings that remain to exist as the same spirit...

Editors' Pick