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Caucasian Ovcharka: An Ancient Dog of Caucasian Mountain

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a robust and powerful dog whose original purpose was to protect livestock. They are friendly, warm, and loving, devoted to their family. The dog was bred to care for flocks and defend the home against wild predators in the rough Caucasus Mountain region.

The Caucasian Shepherd dogs are best suited to a home where they can keep their livestock guarding skills to good use; they can also be used as a great show dog or a domestic companion. If you are eager to know more about dog breeds, stick with us and keep reading!

Alternative Names of the Caucasian Shepherd


The alternative names of the dog breed are:

  • Caucasian Sheepdog.
  • Caucasian Owcharka.
  • Caucasian Mountain Dog.
  • CO.
  • Armenian Khobun Dog.
  • Azerbaijani Ovtcharka.
  • Karachy-Balkar pariy.
  • Kavkazskaia Ovtcharka.
  • Kars (Kafkas) Kopegi.
  • Kavkazskaya Ovcharka.
  • Sage Ghafghazi.
  • Georgian Nagazi.
  • Caucasian Ovtcharka.
  • Circassian Sheep Dog.
  • Russian Mountain Dog.
  • Russian Caucasian.
  • Russian Caucasian Ovtcharka.

History and Origin of Caucasian Shepherd Dog


The Caucasian Sheepdog is believed to have developed from Tibetan dogs who accompanied nomads who settled in the Caucasus Mountains area more than 2,000 years ago. Because the Ovcharka Sheepdog was isolated from other breeds and not subject to organized breed programs, the dog breed remained pure but ancient. In the twentieth century, the United Socialist Soviet Russia began a rigorous breeding program to utilize Ovcharkas.   

Caucasian Sheepdog

Physical Description of Caucasian Sheepdog


The Caucasian Ovcharka is a huge, powerfully built dog slightly longer than tall. It has a large, broad, wedge-shaped head, and the ears are high-set, dropped, and may be cropped. The dog’s muzzle is short and powerful, the almond eyes are deep set, and the nose is large and black.

Caucasian Ovcharka

Colors of Caucasian Ovcharka Dog


There is a double coat with a profuse ruff, and it can be short, medium, or long. There is often a dark mask. The coloring pattern of the dog breed may be:

  • Grey.
  • White.
  • Cream.
  • Fawn or Tan.
  • Piebald

Height weight and Life Span of Caucasian Shepherd


  • The average height of the Caucasian Ovcharka is about 24.5 to 25.5 inches
  • The average weight is about 45 to 70 kg
  • The average life expectancy of the breed is about 10 to 11 years
  • The litter size is about 5 to 12 puppies

Temperament or Personality of Caucasian Ovcharka


The Ovcharka is an intelligent, bold, and even-tempered dog. Although protective, it is calm and loyal toward family.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Best Ownership of Caucasian Sheepdog


This breed requires an owner experienced with guardian dogs in a rural home where the dog is provided a job.

Special Needs of Caucasian Shepherd Dog


  • Grooming.
  • Job or activity.
  • Socialization.
  • Training.
  • Exercise.
  • Proper diet and nutrition.
  • Health care.
  • Skincare.
  • Dental care.

Health Concerns of Caucasian Russian Dog


The following disease is frequently seen in caucasian shepherd dogs:

Ending Note on Caucasian Ovcharka


The Caucasian Ovcharka is brilliant, but their independent nature makes them challenging to train. Consistent proper training and gentle love will make them excellent lifelong family companions.

So far, in our article, we have talked about the origin and history and their unique characteristics. We hope that this was an exciting and informative read for you. So, What do you think? Let us know in the comment or advice what more you want to see from us. Thank you for your time.

 

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