The Parson Russell Terrier is a knowledgeable, small terrier dog that originated in Great Britain. If you want to include a new pup in your family, this lively pooch is a perfect match, especially for kids over three or four. The alternative name of the dog breed is Jack Russell Terrier.
Jack Russells are fast fox hunters, foremost working terriers. They are affectionate with family and friendly with other dogs. This write-up gives you a clear idea that is very interesting for Jack Russell lovers. So, please stick with us and keep reading!
History and Origin of Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier takes its name from the Reverend John Russell, who bred a strain of terriers for working foxes in Devonshire, England, in the mid-to-late 1800s. The Jack Russell Terrier of today is the same as the original John Russell breed.
This breed has been debated among fanciers, with two breed clubs forming to promote differing philosophies. It is now called the Parson Russell Terrier by the AKC and its parent club, the Parson Russell Terrier Association of America ( PRTAA ), which favors longer-legged dogs.
The other breed club, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA), associated with the UKC, continues to refer to the breed as the Jack Russell Terrier. The UKC also recognized the Russell Terrier, a shorter dock dog.
Types of Jack Russell Terrier
There are 3 types of Jack Russell terriers. They are:
- The Parson Russell Terrier: can measure 13 to 14.5 inches that are 33 to 36 cm
- The Russell original European Jack Russell: usually measures 10 to 12 inches that are 25 to 30 cm
- The American Jack Russell: can measure 10 to 15 inches that are 25 to 37.5 cm
Physical Description of Parson Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier is small to medium-sized, sturdy, and muscular. It has a flat skull and a black nose. The almond-shaped eyes are dark, and the small, V-shaped ears fold forward.
It is well-balanced, with a small chest and straight legs. Its short tail is carried erect. There is a short, smooth, or broken coat. There is always a minimum of 51 percent white on the body, with tan, black, and brown markings.
Height, Weight, and LifeSpan of Russell Terrier Dog
- The average height of the Jack Russell Terrier is about 10 to 15 inches (PRTAA: 12 to 14 inches).
- The average body weight of the dog breed is about (PRTAA: 13 to 17 pounds).
- The average lifespan of the dog is about 13 to 16 years.
Temperament or Personality of Jack Russell Terrier
The dog breed is assertive, loyal, and active, with great intelligence and a strong work drive. It is often called a big dog with a small body.
Best Ownership of Parson Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell requires a terrier-experienced owner with an active, outdoor lifestyle. It does poorly in apartments and is better suited to suburban or rural life.
Special Needs of Jack Russell Terrier Dog
You must ensure the following management measures for the optimum function of the dog:
- Job or activity.
- Proper diet and nutrition.
- Proper health care.
- Proper dental care.
Health Concerns of Parson Russell Terrier
The dog is healthy, active, and affected by common canine diseases. It would be best if you vaccinated your dog against potential viral diseases. The dog also needs regular deworming against internal and external parasites. The following diseases are seen more frequently in this breed:
- Eye problems.
- Legg-Perthes disease.
- Luxating patellas.
- Ear infections.
- Benign tumors.
- Skin allergies.
- Hypothyroidism in dogs.
Concluding Words on Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell terrier has an adventurous nature, so it is best if you have an adventurous side too. They are tenacious, tough, athletic, and friendly dogs. The dog was bred to be a working dog and still displays the cleverness that made it a highly sought-after hunting dog back in the early 19th century.
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