Home Companion Animals Grass Sickness in Horses: The Most Important Things to Know

Grass Sickness in Horses: The Most Important Things to Know

Grass sickness in horses is a disease affecting all breeds of horse and non-domestic Equidae in Europe. The vast majority of the case occurs in the UK, particularly in Scotland. Younger horses are more commonly affected. The majority of cases occur in spring and early summer., with a smaller peak of incidence in the autumn; however, cases may be seen throughout the year. Another name of the disease is Equine Dysautonomia.

Causes of Grass Sickness

The causes of grass sickness in horses is elusive. At present, evidence suggests that a mycotoxin associated with the pasture is the most likely cause. Grass sickness causes can be grouped into broad categories according to clinical signs: acute, subacute, and chronic. Grass sickness is most often seen in horses permanently as pasture. Horses permanently as stable are also affected, but this is rare.

Horse in Pasture

Clinical Signs of Grass Sickness

Clinically grass sickness may be acute, sub-acute, or chronic. The acute grass sickness is related to disruption of normal automatic control, specifically excessive or unopposed sympathoadrenal drive. Acute cases present with severe abdominal pain, death usually follows in 24-48 hours due to shock. Severe cases may resemble horses with severe colic. Subacute cases generally have less severe abdominal pain and may survive up to 7 days. Chronic cases are generally insidious in onset, with dysphagia and moderate abdominal pain. These animals are depressed and anorexic with severe cachexia.

Cachectic Horse

Diagnosis of Grass Sickness in Horses

The antemortem diagnosis is based on the clinical examination. There are no specific changes in diagnostic blood tests. Abdominocentesis can be used to help differentiate grass sickness from other cases of acute abdominal pain. Peritoneal fluid samples from horses with acute grass sickness generally have the elevation in cell count and protein content, however, they are not serosanguinous.

Colic in Horse

Treatment of Equine Dysautonomia

There is no treatment for acute grass sickness. Once a clinical diagnosis has been made, if pain cannot be controlled using analgesics, the animal should be humanely euthanased. Treatment of grass sickness requires intensive supportive nursing care. The animal should be encouraged to eat as much as possible. Frequent gastric decompression via nasogastric intubation may be necessary. Fluid therapy may be required to treat dehydration. 

Equine Dysautonomia

Concluding Remarks on Grass Sickness

The equine dysautonomia is a fatal disease of horse and donkey. The disease is common in horses with pasture but may also found in other horses. The disease is mainly affected in the nervous and gastrointestinal system. The disease responds to treatment very less, so control measure is most important.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Post

Ketosis in Cattle: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Ketosis in cattle is one of the essential metabolic diseases of high-yielding dairy cows. The disease has mainly seen...

Ehrlichiosis in Dogs: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

Ehrlichiosis in dogs is a tick-borne systemic disease. The disease is caused by a variety of rickettsial species in...

Ardennes Horse: Most Important Information On This Ancient Breed

The Ardennes horse is one of the ancient draft horse breeds of Europe. The horse was originated more than...

7 Most Common Dog Breed Groups That May Help Your Knowledge

Dogs are one of the most ancient companions of human beings. Dog serves many ways in the development of...

Editors' Pick

17 Stable Vices of Horse You Must Know For Proper Management

A vice is a bad habit that may affect a horse’s usefulness, dependability, or health. Stable vices are often...

Rinderpest in Cattle: Cause, Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Rinderpest is an acute, highly contagious disease characterized by high fever, diarrhea, and high mortality rates in farm animals....

Lungworm in Horses: Top 8 Information of the Disease for Horse Lover

The larvae of the equine Lungworm Dictyocaulus arnfieldi frequently found in fecal samples from donkeys; infection is rarely associated...

Tiger Horse Breed: 10 Most Interesting Information For Horse Lover

Tiger Horse is a unique gaited spotted Appaloosa like horse breed developed in the United States of America. In...

Editors' Pick