Home Horse Most Easy Methods of Identification of Horses

Most Easy Methods of Identification of Horses

Animals are also used to live in a society as the human being.  There are different methods to differ from one animal from another one by using a name, physical structure, special marks as like as the human being. By using these methods usually, the horses can be differentiated or identified. As a horse lover and owner, you must have a preliminary idea about the identification of horses. The article will give you the brief idea about the methods to know your horses.

Easy Methods of Identification of Horses

There is a number of simple methods by which you can go for easy identification of horses. The main heading or points of identification of horses are by using color, sex, marks, and species. For the advantage of discussion this classification is divided into four classes:

  • Identification through color.
  • Identification through marks.
  • Identification through sex.
  • Identification through species.

1. Identification of Horses By Colors

color_of_horseHorse color is the most important factor used in the identification of horses. The color of horses is one of the most attractive parts for anyone to choose the horse. Different colored horses are seen in different parts of the world. Usually, the most common colors are black, bay, brown, chestnut, dun, grey, rone, odd and whorl. The color of three places of horse body is important to discuss:

  • Skin color
  • Hair color
  • The color of mane, legs, and tail



The whole body is covered with black hairs of a horse body. The mane, tail, ear, legs are also black. There may be some marking on the body, but mostly the skin is covered with black hair.



Hair of the body is reddish or red-yellowish, but the hairs of legs, tail, and mane are black.



Hairs of mane and tail are black, and chocolate but the hairs of lags are black.



The whole body is mixed with white and few black hairs. Sometimes black to brownish scar is seen.


Chestnut Color

The whole body is covered with yellowish red, yellowish red to golden hairs.

Blue Dun


The whole body is covered with black hairs, but sometimes it looks bluish.

Yellow Dun

Yellow Dun Horse

Diffuse yellowish color can be seen in hair.

Blue Rone

Blue Roan Horse

Hairs look like greenish by mixing black or blackish brown with white.

Bay Rone

Body color is bay or brownish bay. Sometimes it looks reddish by mixing with white.

Chestnut Rone


Body color will be chestnut and will mix with white. But legs will not grow blackish.

Odd Color

Odd Color Horse

Body color is irregular by the mixing of two colors.

2. Identification of Horse By Markings

There are some special colors or variation of color which is used to identify the horse. Following markings in different body parts are counted to identify horse:            

  • Head Marking
  • Body Marking
  • Leg Marking

Head Marking

Head Marking

  • Star Mark – Any white marking on forehead.
  • Stripe – Thin white stripe up to face.
  • Blaze – White stripe patches over the nasal bone.
  • Snipe – Scattered white marks on the nose.
  • Wall Eye – Pinkish white to bluish white eyes.

Body Markings

  • Graywacke – Scattered white markings on different parts of the body.
  • Black Marks – One or two black marks on white or other colored horse.
  • Spot – Mixing of two colors.
  • Patch – Irregular color mixing on a large area.
  • Zebra Mark – The vertical colored line which passes through the neck, legs, and back.

Leg Marking

Leg Marking

  •    White Hill – White hill other than the white one.
  •    White Coronet – The coronet is covered with white hair and skin other than the white horse.
  •    White Pastern – If there is the white colored pattern.
  •    White Fetlock – If there is white fetlock other than the white horse.
  •    White Hook – If there is a white hook other than the white horse.
  •    White Knee – If there is white knee other than the white horse.
  •    White Canon – If there is white canon other than the white horse.
  •    White Shank – If there is white shank other than the white horse.

3. Identification of Horses Through Sex and Age

Identification of horses through sex and age are very important for you as a horse lover. To identify the horse, the following terminologies are used:

  • Stallion – A mature male horse which is not castrated yet is known as the stallion. It is used for horse breeding.
  • Gelding – Castrated and a mature male horse is known as geld.
  • Mare – A mature female horse is known as the mare. It is used for reproduction.
  • Yearling – Horse of one year of age is known as the yearling.
  • Filly – Female horse within the age of one to three is called filly.
  • Colt – Male horse within the age of one to three is called colt.
  • Foal – Horse under one year of age is known as a foal.

           (1)   Colt Foal.      A male horse under one year of age.

           (2)   Filly Foal.       Female horse under one year of age.

4. Identification of Horses By Breed

Each breed has their unique characteristics by which they can be differentiated. The breed characteristics differ from body height, color, marking, weight, purpose, temperament and uses in human society. If you study the traits of each horse breeds, then you can easily differentiate and identify each breed separately.

The Last Word

Upper mentioned criteria should be considered carefully to identify horses efficiently because different works (riding, polo games, racing, drafting car, etc.) depends upon the right identification of horses. Nowadays the horses are also kept as pet animals in some regions.

The above article will help you to know a horse properly. If this helps you for a little, my aim of writings will be fulfilled. If you like the above article and helps you, please subscribe to our website and share via social media.

Iffat Kawsar, DVM, MS
Iffat Kawsar, DVM, MS
I am a Veterinary postgraduate from a reputed Agricultural University of Bangladesh. I am also experienced with thesis writings, book review, content writings, and research paper optimization. I want to share my knowledge with the user through the internet.

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